Prakash Industries Limited vs Bengal Energy Limited. & Anr

Judgment Name : Prakash Industries Limited vs Bengal Energy Limited. & Anr

Citation : MANU/WB/0536/2020

Coram : Moushumi Bhattacharya

Date : 11th June 2020


This judgment looks at the scope for amendment of grounds after an initial petition with a given set of grounds under Section 34 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (hereinafter ‘the Act’) has already been made.


The following case arose after the Petitioners filed a petition in front of the High Court of Calcutta (hereinafter ‘the Court’) for setting aside of an Arbitral Award dated 31st March 2017. The arbitral tribunal consisted of three arbitrators and the petition was filed within the statutory period in Section 34(3) of the Act.  After filing the initial petition, the petitioner sought to amend the grounds through what was termed as ‘amplification’ of the ground.


  1. What is the permissible range of an amendment?
  2. Whether the amendment comes within the scope of Section 34 of the 1996 Act?


Firstly, the Court looks at Order VI Rule 17 of the CPC to state that an amendment which changes the nature and character of the original pleading can not be admitted. The Court then goes on to compare the initial set of grounds and the newly added set of grounds. It finds that there are 26 additional grounds with respect to the Sale of Goods Act, 1930 that are added.

Next, the Court looks at whether said grounds can fit within Section 34 of the Act. After detailing the various requirements of Section 34(2), the Court states that the test of a permissible amendment is whether the proposed amendments would warrant a fresh application under Section 34. It is noted by the Court that the new grounds which relate to the Sale of Goods Act have not been stated in the initial amendment and thus, would warrant a fresh application. However, the Court states that the grounds which are with respect to a pure question of law can be argued as submissions before the Court as per Order XLI Rule 1(2) and Rule 2 of the CPC.

The Court looked at precedent where amendment was allowed and rejected. In Fiza Developers and Inter-Trade Private Limited Vs. AMCI (India) Private Limited[i] and Emkay Global Financial Services Limited Vs. Girdhar Sondhi[ii] it was noted that ‘framing of issues’ would be disallowed as they would interfere with the summary nature of a proceeding. Further, these cases held that the Court was ‘ordinarily’ not required to look at anything that was not in the record of the Arbitrator.

Most notably, the case of State of Maharashtra Vs. Hindustan Construction Company Limited[iii] was cited which allowed for incorporation of additional grounds to a Section 34 petition when there are ‘very peculiar circumstances’. Further, other cases which Hindustan cited were discussed to state that i.) the Court had the power to grant amendment in interests of justice and ii.) that there was no absolute rule that amendment would not be allowed even after the limitation period provided in Section 34 (3).

However, the Court in the current case declined to allow such an expansive construction in the current case since several of the amended grounds did not have any foundation in the previous grounds.


This judgment therefore clarified the position of the law with respect to an amendment of grounds in a Section 34 (3) application. It unequivocally followed the Fiza Developers and Emkay cases by preventing the addition of any new grounds hat did not have any basis in the grounds stated in the original application.

[i] (2009) 17 SCC 796

[ii] (2018) 9 SCC 49

[iii] (2010) 4 SCC 518

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